Tavalodi Digar Shojaeddin Shafa Pdf
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Tavalodi Digar: A Rebirth of Iranian Identity
Tavalodi Digar (Re-Birth) is a book by Shojaeddin Shafa, a prominent Iranian intellectual, writer, and diplomat who served as the Shah's speechwriter and advisor. The book, published in 1978, is a collection of essays that explore various aspects of Iranian history, culture, and identity, and challenge the dominant narratives of Islamism and Marxism that were prevalent among Iranian intellectuals at the time.
Shafa was one of the few secular intellectuals who advocated for a nationalist stance that drew inspiration from Iran's pre-Islamic heritage and its ancient monarchy. He argued that Iran should dig deep into its own history and culture to find elements that could form the foundations of a renewed national identity. To do that, Shafa insisted, Iran had to re-examine its relationship with Islam, especially in its duodecimal Shi'ite version. He wanted to take the core and throw the chaff to donkeys, echoing Jalaleddin Mowlavi's famous dictum.
Shafa was also an exception among Iranian intellectuals for his honesty and integrity. He did not hide his loyalty to the Shah and his government, nor did he compromise his intellectual work for his official position. He continued to read, write, translate, and organize conferences even in his busiest years as a high functionary. He produced a whole library of works distinguished by their eclectic extent and excellence.
Tavalodi Digar was one of Shafa's last books before the Islamic Revolution of 1979 that toppled the monarchy and ended his career. The book is a testament to his vision of Iran as a unique civilization that could regain its place in the modern world through its own cultural resources. The book is available in PDF format online for those who are interested in reading it.
Shafa was born in 1918 in Tehran to a family of merchants and scholars. He studied law and political science at the University of Tehran and became a diplomat in 1942. He served in various posts in Iran and abroad, including as ambassador to Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia. He was also a member of the Iranian delegation to the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement.
Shafa was a prolific writer who translated many works from Arabic, French, Spanish, and English into Persian. He also wrote original books on topics such as Iranian history, culture, literature, philosophy, religion, politics, and international relations. Some of his well-known books include Tavalodi Digar (Re-Birth), Dar Paykar-i Ahriman (In Struggle with Ahriman), De Persia a la Espana Musulmana (From Persia to Muslim Spain), Naghmeha-i Irani (Iranian Melodies), and Tawzih al-Masail (Clarification of Issues).
Shafa was a staunch supporter of the Shah and his modernization policies. He believed that Iran needed to preserve its monarchy and its cultural identity while embracing progress and development. He opposed both the Islamic fundamentalists and the Marxist revolutionaries who wanted to overthrow the Shah and establish a new regime. He defended the Shah's reforms and achievements in his speeches and writings.
Shafa's life changed dramatically after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. He was arrested by the revolutionary authorities and spent several months in prison. He was released after an international campaign for his freedom. He left Iran in 1980 and settled in France, where he continued his intellectual work until his death in 1998. He was buried in Paris.
Shafa's legacy is still relevant today, as Iran faces many challenges and dilemmas regarding its identity, culture, and politics. His books offer a rich source of insight and wisdom for those who seek to understand Iran's past, present, and future. 248dff8e21